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Credo Reference is a Citable Resource

Credo Reference is a research starting point for students looking for background information to inform their topic. With millions of articles pulled from hundreds of books, Credo is a general knowledge database providing articles, images, charts, maps and other materials on thousands of topics. Every article in Credo contains a citation, making it simple to include Credo content and images into any project.

  • Citations found at top of article
  • Citations available in four formats
  • Citations also found at bottom of article

Why Should I Use & Cite Credo?

1.  Much of the content is authored

When you hear that you shouldn’t cite encyclopedias, it is because often many articles in encyclopedias are not authored. However, Credo contains hundreds of thousands of authored articles. There are two types of authors in Credo: authors who wrote the whole book and authors who wrote specific articles in a book. In Credo, the article-authors are displayed in the lower right hand corner of the articles. They’re also in the citations. When you see an author displayed, remember to cite their work!

*Authors listed in citation

The book authors/editors aren’t displayed in the lower right hand corner but they are in the citations and they’re also displayed in the book information at the bottom of each article. Every book in Credo has a unique landing page with information about that book. Look for a preface or appendix with more information about the authors or contributors there. Most of them are professors/academics.

*Book authors' academic backgrounds listed


2.  Credo is written and reviewed by experts in their academic fields

Peer-reviewed” is a term that students look for when vetting academic content and it is generally applied to journal articles. The content in Credo’s database does not come from journals, but much of it is reviewed by peers in the publishing process. The content in Credo is chosen by our editorial team because it’s “academic” in nature.  Since it is edited/published by a scholarly association, much of it is also "peer-reviewed."   How can you tell? Look at the citation of an article in Credo. If there’s an author and an editor, the article was likely written by the author and reviewed by the editor. If there are two authors, they’re likely peers who wrote the article together or who reviewed each other’s work.

*Multiple academic authors and editors


3. There are primary source materials in Credo Reference

The content in Credo is mostly reference or background material, but there is lots of primary source material in Credo. Not sure if content you’re reading is primary source? Check if the article itself provides context. Or page down to the bottom of the page where there is a section about the book or collection and click on the “Browse” drop-down and click on “Headings” or “Table of Contents”; sometimes there’s a preface or appendix that can provide more information about what type of information is available in the book. When in doubt, ask a librarian.

*List of Primary Source documents in Credo ebook


4. It was used in your paper to prove a point

If you used content you found in Credo to prove a point you made in your paper, be sure to properly cite it in your paper.


5. You have included a quotation or an image

Credo contains a ton of material that will supplement your argument, including thousands of images. We encourage you to use our images, maps, charts and graphs for your research, but always remember you must also provide a citation for its inclusion. Find that citation on the bottom of every Credo article.

  • Use an Image Search
  • Credo has hundreds of thousands of images
  • Citations also found at bottom of article


6. Bibliometrics

If you’re still not sure that content in Credo is citable, consider this citation analysis of these Credo books in Google Scholar which shows that articles in these books are being cited in published journal articles.


What type of content should not be cited?

Dictionary and thesaurus entries should not be cited unless you’re making a point about the provenance of a word or synonyms of a term in your paper. If you are using the dictionary to simply define a word or find a synonym, a citation is not needed. Some encyclopedia entries, which don’t offer much more than an A-Z list of terms with definitions, also do not need to be cited.


Credo Reference: Use it. Cite it.

Credo Reference offers so much more than basic definitions. The content is robust, rich, filled with images and data that can be used to bolster any project - and it includes full citations.